What do all things have in common?

Posts tagged “Semantics

Ontology: Compelling and ‘Rich’

Ontology (Water)

Ontologies are surfaces… even if ‘rich’. (link)

Ontology: Compelling and ‘Rich’
They are only surfaces, but they seem to provide you with depth.

This exquisite video shows how the representation of knowledge is ripe for a revolution. I’ve written about this in depth in other places so I won’t bore you with the details here unless you ask me in the comments below.

Stay tuned! I’m behind in my schedule (work load), but I’m getting very close just the same. I will publish here and elsewhere.
I’m going to use this video (and others like it) to explain why ontologies are not sufficient to represent knowledge.

Soon everyone will acknowledge this fact and claim they’ve been saying it all along! (In spite of the many thousands of papers and books obsessively claiming the opposite!!!) They do not know that how dangerous that claim is going to be. Our future will be equipped with the ability to determine if such claims are true or not. That’s some of the reason I do what I do.

#KnowledgeRepresentation #BigData #Semantics #Metaphysics   #Ontology
#Knowledge #Wisdom #Understanding #Insight #Learning #MathesisUniversalis #MathesisGeneralis #PhilosophiaUniversalis #PhilosophiaGeneralis #ScientiaUniversalis #ScientiaGeneralis


Strictly Speaking Can’t! Natural Language Won’t?

language

Physics is only complex, because it’s in someone’s interest to have it that way.  The way to understanding, even if you don’t understand science, was paved with words. Even if those words led only to a symbolic form of understanding.

I’m a mathematician and can tell you that common ordinary language is quite capable of explaining physics. Mathematics is simply more precise than common language. It pays the price for that precision by being subservient to the causal and compositional relations. These are limitations that metaphysics and philosophy do not have.

Words in language have a structure that mathematics alone will never see as it looks for their structure and dynamics in the wrong places and in the wrong ways. Pure mathematics lacks an underlying expression of inherent purpose in its ‘tool set’.

With natural language we are even able to cross the ‘event horizon’ into interiority (where unity makes its journey through the non-dual into the causal realm). It is a place where mathematics may also ‘visit’ and investigate, but only with some metaphysical foundation to navigate with. The ‘landscape’ is very different there… where even time and space ‘behave’ (manifest) differently. Yet common language can take us there! Why? It’s made of the ‘right stuff’!

The monological gaze with its incipient ontological foundation, as found in pure mathematics, is too myopic. That’s why languages such as category theory, although subtle and general in nature, even lose their way. They can tell us how we got there, but none can tell us why we wanted to get there in the first place!

It’s easy to expose modern corporate science’s (mainstream) limitations with this limited tool set – you need simply ask questions like: “What in my methodology inherently expresses why am I looking in here?” (what purpose) or “What assumptions am I making that I’m not even aware of?” or “Why does it choose to do that? and you’re already there where ontology falls flat on its face.

Even questions like these are met with disdain, intolerance and ridicule (the shadow knows it can’t see and wills to banish what it cannot)! And that’s where science begins to resemble religion (psyence).

Those are also some of the reasons why philosophers and philosophy have almost disappeared from the mainstream. I’ll give you a few philosophical hints to pique your interest.

Why do they call it Chaos Theory and not Cosmos Theory?
Why coincidence and not synchronicity?
Why entropy and not centropy?

Why particle and not field?
(many more examples…)


Wonderful Graphics To Save a Disastrous Script

Lucy VFXThe ‘Science’ behind the movie ‘Lucy’ cannot hold a candle to the graphics that ‘sell’ that script!


‘Something Has To Give!’ – Speaking By Doing…

Behind the Mic‘Something Has To Give!’
Speaking by doing…

I appreciate the technology (as long as it isn’t weaponized) and even admire what has been accomplished thus far. Just I know that to get to the ‘promised land’, they’re going to need to transcend and include the ontologically-based methodologies as are shown in the video!

One trip to Google translate reveals this to be mere hype at present. Hidden Markov models aren’t going to do it, people! That’s like trying to do a radar scan of the ocean and only seeing things you’ve been told to see beforehand. Their example involves capital cities and the meta-framing necessary to differentiate them. Essentially they are building structures (like fingerprints) of ideas and trying to do an ‘algebra’ with them.

The AI paradigm must be ‘fortified’ by epistemologically-based perspectives and methodologies, before we can even think of cognition. Clearly they are already involved in the recognition process, but these missing elements in in artificial intelligence is originating from those doing the work in the video (through their intentions, desires, success criterion,…) without their even noticing it! (Or if they do, they don’t make that clear to the viewer.)

Also, they believe in the mysticism that we need only create the necessary initial conditions (like a soup) and then, through emergence (which they cannot define precisely), intelligence (like life) will pop out!
ヽ(•́o•̀)ノ

They will most certainly manage to get the technology to a point that it will become useful (after they’ve shelled out huge sums of money to get there), but they will never reach cognition this way. They will have to part with one of their most sacred dogmas first: the mind is the brain.

The brain is only a part of what we call mind. Our whole bodies are involved with the dialog of mind – from our brains right down to our digestive tracts and even cells (and their constituents).


Knowledge Is What Awareness Does – Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Meaning Precisely

Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Knowledge Precisely

Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Knowledge Precisely

Video is finally here!


A Precise Definition of Knowledge – Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define the Meaning of Meaning Precisely

IntroVideo

A Precise Definition of Knowledge
Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define the Meaning of Meaning Precisely
Copyright © Carey G. Butler
August 24, 2014

What is this video about?
In this introductory video I would like to explain what knowledge representation is, how to build and apply them. There are basically three phases involved in the process of building a knowledge representation. Acquisition of data (which includes staging), collation and the representation itself. The collation and the representation phases of the process are mentioned here, but I will explain them further in future videos.

You are now watching a simulation of the acquisition phase as it collects and stores preliminary structure from the data it encounters in terms of the vocabulary contained within that data. Acquisition is a necessary prerequisite for the collation phase following it, because the information it creates from the data are used by the collation algorithms which then transform that information into knowledge.

The statistics you are seeing tabulated are only a small subset of those collected in a typical acquisition phase. Each of these counters are being updated in correspondence to the recognition coming from underlying parsers running in the background. Depending upon the computer resources involved in the
acquisition, these parsers may even even run concurrently as is shown in this simulation.

The objects you see moving around in the video are of two different kinds: knowledge fields or knowledge molecules. Those nearest to you are the field representations of the actual data being collected called knowledge fields. They could represent an individual symbol, punctuation, morpheme, lexeme, word, emotion, perspective, or some other unit of information in the data. Each of them contain their own signature – even if their value, state or other intrinsic properties are unknown or indeterminate during the acquisition.

Those farther away from the view are clusters of fields which have already coalesced into groups according to shared dynamically adaptive factors such as similarity, relation, ordinality, cardinality,…
These ‘molecules’ also contain their own set of signatures and may be composed of a mixture of fields, meta-fields and hyper-fields that are unique to all others.The collation phase has the job of assigning these molecules to their preliminary holarchical domains which are then made visible in the resulting knowledge representation. Uniqueness is preserved even if they contain common elements with others in the domain they occupy. Clusters of knowledge molecules and/or fields grouped together are known as ‘knowledge domains’, ‘structural domains’,’dynamical domains’ or ‘resonance domains’, depending upon which of their aspects is being emphasized.

We now need a short introduction to what knowledge representation is in order to explain why you’re seeing these objects here.

What is Knowledge Representation?
Knowledge representation provides all of the ways and means necessary to reliably and consistently conceptualize our world. It helps us navigate landscapes of meaning without losing our way; however, navigational bearing isn’t the only advantage. Knowledge representation aids our recognition of what changes when we change our world or something about ourselves. It does so, because even our own perspective is included in the representation. It can even reveal to us when elements are missing or hidden from our view!

It’s important to remember that knowledge representation is not an end, rather a means or process that makes explicit to us everything we already do with what we come to be aware of. A knowledge representation must be capable of representing knowledge such that it, like a book or other artifact, brings awareness of that knowledge to us. When we do it right, it actually perpetuates our understanding by providing a means for us to recognize, interpret (understand) and utilize the how and what we know as it relates to itself and to us. In fact – knowledge representation even makes it possible to define knowledge precisely!

What Knowledge is not!
Knowledge is not very well understood so I’ll briefly point out some of the reasons why we’ve been unable to precisely define what knowledge is thus far. Humanity has made numerous attempts at defining knowledge. Plato taught that justified truth and belief are required for something to be considered knowledge. Throughout the history of the theory of knowledge (epistemology), others have done their best to add to Plato’s work or create new or more comprehensive definitions in their attempts to ‘contain’ the meaning of meaning (knowledge). All of these efforts have failed for one reason or another. Using truth value and justification as a basis for knowledge or introducing broader definitions or finer classifications can only fail. I will now provide a small set of examples of why this is so.

Truth value is only a value that knowledge may attend. Knowledge can be true or false, justified or unjustified, because knowledge is the meaning of meaning. What about false or fictitious knowledge? Their perfectly valid structure and dynamics are ignored by classifying them as something else than what they are. Differences in culture or language make even make no difference, because the objects being referred to have meaning that transcends language barriers.

Another problem is that knowledge is often thought to be primarily semantics or even ontology based! Both of these cannot be true for many reasons. In the first case (semantics): There already exists knowledge structure and dynamics for objects we cannot or will not yet know. The same is true for objects to which meaning has not yet been assigned,such as ideas, connections and perspectives that we’re not yet aware of or have forgotten. Their meaning is never clear until we’ve become aware of or remember them.

In the second case (ontology): collations that are fed ontological framing are necessarily bound to memory, initial conditions of some kind and/or association in terms of space, time, order, context, relation,… We build whole catalogs, dictionaries and theories about them! Triads, diads, quints, ontology charts, neural networks, semiotics and even the current research in linguistics are examples. Even if an ontology or set of them attempts to represent intrinsic meaning, it can only do so in a descriptive (extrinsic) way.

An ontology, no matter how sophisticated, is incapable of generating the purpose of even its own inception, not to mention the purpose of objects to which it corresponds! The knowledge is not coming from the data itself, it’s always coming from the observer of the data – even if that observer is an algorithm!

Therefore ontology-based semantic analysis can only produce the artifacts of knowledge, such as search results, association to other objects, ‘knowledge graphs’ like Cayley,.. Real knowledge precedes, transcends and includes our conceptions, cognitive processes, perception, communication, reasoning and is more than simply related to our capacity of acknowledgment. In fact knowledge cannot even be completely systematized, it can only be interacted with using ever increasing precision!

  • What is knowledge then?
    Knowledge is what awareness does.
    • Awareness of some kind and at some level is the only prerequisite for knowledge and is the substrate upon which knowledge is generated.
    • Awareness coalesces, interacts with and perpetuates itself in all of its form and function.
    • Awareness which resonates (shares dynamics) at, near, or in some kind of harmony (even disharmony) with another tends to associate (disassociate) with that other in some way.
    • These requisites of awareness hold true even for objects that are infinite or indeterminate.
    • This is why knowledge, the meaning of meaning, can be precisely defined and even provides its own means for doing so.
    Knowledge is, pure and simply: the resonance, structure and dynamics of awareness as it creates and discovers for and of itself.
    • Awareness precedes meaning and provides the only fundamentally necessary and sufficient basis for meaning of meaning expressing itself as knowledge.
    Knowledge is the dialog between participants in awarenesseven if that dialog appears to be only one-way, incoherent or incomplete.
    • Even language, mathematics, philosophy, symbolism, analogy, metaphor and sign systems can all be resolved to this common denominator found at the foundation of each and every one of them.

More information about the objects seen:
The objects on the surface of the pyramid correspond to basic structures denoting some of the basic paradigms that are being used to mine data into information and then collate that information into knowledge. You may notice that their basic structures do not change, only their content does. These paradigms are comprised of contra-positional fields that harmonize with each other so closely that they build complete harmonic structures. Their function is similar to what proteins and enzymes do in our cells.

#‎Knowledge‬ ‪#‎Wisdom‬ ‪#‎Understanding‬ ‪#‎Learning‬ ‪#‎Insight‬ ‪#‎Semantics‬ ‪#‎Ontology‬ ‪#‎Epistemology‬ ‪#‎Philosophy‬ ‪#‎PhilosophyOfLanguage‬ ‪#‎PhilosophyOfMind‬ ‪#‎Cognition‬ ‪#‎OrganicIntelligence‬ ‪#‎ArtificialIntelligence‬ ‪#‎OI‬ ‪#‎AI‬
‪#‎Awareness‬


Knowledge Representation – Self and Other

Knowledge Representation of Self and Other

Knowledge Representation of Self and Other

This knowledge representation, which I made for a presentation in Nürnberg on April 29th, 2013, depicts a partial resonance domain with respect to sentient relation and orientation. The representation is not designed to be comprehensive in any respect, rather it is intended to help those who are not accustomed to viewing knowledge in this way.

It shows how, to quote Carl Sagan: “One voice in the Cosmic fugue.” can be represented more generally. There are certainly other possibilities with respect to relation and orientation between self and other.

You may need to stop this video occasionally as some of the transitions occur very quickly.I’ve indicated what is happening in the representation to aid in the interpretation of what is being shown.

I would appreciate any feedback you may want to give. I’d be pleased to answer any questions that may arise.

Thank you for watching!

UPDATE:

A question has come in from an anonymous source asking for clarification on the use of “Resonance Domain”.

A resonance domain is comprised of resonance fields. When one or more fields are being examined, the group is called a domain.

For further clarity I’d like to add that we are looking at two separate fields (sentient beings) in terms of the relation they participate in and the orientation they share with each other.

Fields are always composed of other sub-fields and contain even partial fields from other sources!

 

UPDATE: “Why do you use the word ‘sentient’ in your description?”

There are basically three types of entities in our universe:
1) Having some measure of interiority (concept of self).
2) Artifacts
3) Heaps

‘Self and other’ can come in any number of combinations:
The knowledge representation above requires that at least two of the participants are of type 1 (sentience) for this knowledge representation to hold.

Examples:
Type 1) human and type 1) dog will work.
Type 1) human and type 2) book will not work.
Type 1) human and type 3) rock will not work.

This way of looking at our Kosmos (multiverse) is called Mathesis Universalis.

For those interested in more on the subject, go to http://mathesis-universalis.com.

[PS: There are also the conditions that both participants are conscious of each other and that their shared consciousness is such that differences in semantics between them are ‘reconcilable’ (coherence). (for the scientists/mathematicians among us!)] 😉