## Why do some people want to destroy other people?

My answer to this question on Quora here: https://www.quora.com/Why-do-some-people-want-to-destroy-other-people/answer/Carey-G-Butler?__nsrc__=4&__snid3__=7837281943

Often they do it, because those who destroy others’ lives are themselves miserable or have destroyed their own lives.

Another reason is to advance objectives that are held by the person or held by the people the person works for. Alphabet agencies like CIA, NSA, NSC, BND, MOSSAD, UNO,… there are even documented examples of Microsoft, Apple, Google, Twitter, and Facebook having exhibited this behaviour.

They usually harbour some form of disdain for others or humanity as a whole. Or they are incapable of human properties like empathy (pathology of some kind).

Humanity is comprised of many spectra; those of ideologies, values, goals, methods, knowledge, power,… These spectra, when placed upon their side like a sine wave (which is actually a spiral), look like Bell curves of some type. There are many variants of these curves.

Here are a few examples:

bell curve at DuckDuckGo

Note how each Bell curve exhibits specific properties. Among those properties are the distribution of an inherent ‘population’. The population of the curve could be anything, not just people. They also have outliers. Those of the population which exist on the extreme left or right of the curve.

If we had a particular set of properties to examine, we may place the distribution of this property into one or more of these curves. Let’s take banksters, who can be, and usually are very destructive.

We would have at least 5 curves to describe their population.

• Intelligence: where they usually (always exceptions to outliers) occupy the upper portion of the curve (where it gets real small).
• Empathy: where they usually occupy the extreme lower part of the spectrum.
• Control fetish: where they are usually found in the middle of the spectrum.
• Hoarding: again in the centre.
• You could continue in this vein to describe them so uniquely, that even language can’t keep up with its ‘granularity’ (increasing specificity). Things like available resources, socialising debt, privatising profit, corruption, warmongering, demographic changes, jail time, manipulative tendency, fear,…

That is where language is then transformed into knowledge.

As you see, people who destroy other’s lives can easily be found using this method.

## Universal Constants, Variations, and Identities #10 All holons have at least six fundamental capacities. (Revised)

#10 All holons have at least six fundamental capacities. (Revised)

#10All Holons have at least four fundamental capacities. (Potential)
*** REVISION ***
#10All Holons have at least six fundamental capacities. (Potential)

Horizontal (Span):
1) Agency (Maintaining wholeness/identity) Pull to wholeness
2) Communion (Maintaining partness/relationship) Pull to partness

Vertical (Depth):
3) Transcendence (Becoming more wholeness) Pull upwards
4) Dissolution (Breaking down into constituent parts) Pull downwards

Lateral (Transverse): *** NEW ***
5) InteriorityChange towards or within its interior (enfolding/recursion)
6) ExteriorityChange towards or without its exterior (unfolding/emergence)

(see #6 for definition of holon)

#Knowledge #Wisdom #Insight #Learning #Understanding
#Constants #Variances #Metaphysics #Philosophy
#MathesisUniversalis #ScientiaUniversalis #PhilosophiaUniversalis #LogicaUniversalis #MetaMathematics #MetaLogic #MetaScience #MetaPhilosophy
#MetaphysicaUniversalis #MetaphysicaGeneralis

## Some Weaknesses of Communism and Karl Marx’s ‘Work’

One reason why Karl Marx is so revered is, because ‘intellectuals’ don’t realise that he based his political philosophy on the work of the philosophers of his day, as well as those which came before. Some aspects of these philosophies are now out-dated and have been superseded by modern philosophers who came after.

Most academics are not aware of this, because the works of Marx are so involved and complex, that they do not easily lend themselves to a single individual’s understanding (even for Marx himself!). So they simply don’t go into depth on their own or they trust what others say! They need not do any real thinking on their own. They must simply adopt this weaponised and cancerous perspective to see themselves as part of a larger idea and to create and discover themselves within it.

Another reason for the continued adherence to his political philosophy is that it provides those, who are addicted to control and collectivism, to maintain their efforts to dominate and subjugate those, such as we, who do not belong to their hegemony: the banksters.

While these very banksters control to what extent and which corporations fund research, they continue to put their money where their belief structure lies.

Here are two examples of how Marx was in way beyond his depth regarding philosophy in particular and history in general:

The Marxist dialectic was adapted from Hegel’s Dialectic and weaponised via historical materialism. It purports to be a reflection of the real world created by man, but it is faulty. His version of history was being perverted by a collectivist mental lens.

Also, the dialectic has been found to be incomplete. There are other mechanisms responsible for change as well determining truth of validity claims. Modern philosophy can literally ‘sink his ships’ on every principle he re-defined and/or incorrectly understood.

I must add that I have been examining his ‘work’ over many years now. I have also compared it to the work of others such as Henry George and Lysander Spooner among many others. My work is going to reveal how childish, despite how involved/complex, that mind of Marx was.

There will come a day when adherents to Marxism will be ashamed of themselves. They will finally see that they have allowed themselves to be indoctrinated (duped) into a weaponised and destructive system that, had they thought through it in light of other philosophers, would not have ever taken hold.

The premature globalist parasites have injected into our cultures that Marxism is ‘intellectual’ and ‘sophisticated’, because it affords them with an ideology capable of allowing the destruction of present social and cultural constructions without reservation. Why should we concern ourselves with out-dated cultural and social entities when utopia awaits for us?

They subscribe to the false meme: “The ends justify their means.” when, in actuality, the means determine their ends. Destructive means… destructive ends.

Marxism is a means for the tyranny of a few to be made palatable to the masses. The very same families who were responsible for Imperialism are those now aiding and abetting the invasion of Europe as well as the social engineering being worked upon our societies and cultures.

My life would be a success in my own eyes if I only achieve this goal, but my life’s work has something much greater in meaning.

#Marxism #Collectivism #FakePhilosophy #SocialEngineering #ClassStruggle #Myopy

## Why is it so hard to prove that e+pi or e*pi is irrational/rational?

The reason why it is so hard to prove is actually very easy to answer. These constants, identities, and variations being referred to in this post, and others like it, all lay embedded in a far deeper substrate than current mathematics has yet explored.

Mathematics has been, and always shall be my ‘first love’, and it has provided for me all of these years. I am not criticising mathematics in any way. It is my firm belief that mathematics will overcome this current situation and eventually be quite able to examine these kinds of questions in a much more expansive and deeper way.

We need to extend our examination of mathematical knowledge, both in depth and in scope, out farther and in deeper than numbers (sets and categories as well – even more below) have yet done. I’ll introduce you to a pattern you may have already noticed in the current stage of our mathematical endeavour.

We all know there are numbers which lay outside of Q which we call Irrational numbers. There are also numbers which lay outside of R which we call Imaginary numbers. They have both been found, because the domain of questioning exceeded the range of answers being sought within the properties each of those numbers. This pattern continues in other ways, as well.

We also know there are abstractions and/or extensions of Complex numbers where the ‘air starts to get thin’ and mathematical properties start to ‘fade away’: Quaternions, Octonians, Sedenions,…

This pattern continues in other ways: Holors, for example, which extend and include mathematical entities such as Complex numbers, scalars, vectors, matrices, tensors, Quaternions, and other hypercomplex numbers, yet are still capable of providing a different algebra which is consistent with real algebra.

The framing of our answers to mathematical questions is also evolving. Logic was, for example, limited to quite sophisticated methods that all were restricted to a boolean context. Then we found other questions which led to boundary, multi-valued, fuzzy, and fractal logics, among a few others I haven’t mentioned yet.

Even our validity claims are evolving. We are beginning to ask questions which require answers which transcend relationship properties such as causality, equivalence, and inference in all of their forms. Even the idea of a binary relationship is being transcended into finitary versions (which I use in my work). There are many more of these various patterns which I may write about in the future.

They all have at least one thing in common: each time we extend our reach in terms of scope or depth, we find new ways of seeing things which we saw before and/or see new things which were before not seen.

There are many ‘voices’ in this ‘mathematical fugue’ which ‘weaves’ everything together: they are the constants, variations, identities, and the relationships they share with each other.

The constants e, π, i, ϕ, c, g, h  all denote or involve ‘special’ relationships of some kind. Special in the sense that they are completely unique.

For example:

• e is the identity of change (some would say proportion, but that’s not entirely correct).
• π is the identity of periodicity. There’s much more going on with $\pi$ than simply being a component of arc or, in a completely different context, a component of area

These relationships actually transcend mathematics. Mathematics ‘consumes’ their utility (making use of those relationships), but they cannot be ‘corralled in’ as if they were ‘horses on the farm’ of mathematics. Their uniqueness cannot be completely understood via equivalence classes alone.

• They are ubiquitous and therefore not algebraic.
• They are pre-nascent to number, equivalence classes, and validity claims and are therefore not rational.

These are not the only reasons.

It’s also about WHERE they are embedded in the knowledge substrate compared to the concept of number, set, category…. They lay more deeply embedded in that substrate.

The reason why your question is so hard for mathematics to answer is, because our current mathematics is, as yet, unable to decide. We need to ‘see’ these problems with a more complete set of ‘optics’ that will yield them to mathematical scrutiny.

Question on Quora

## Is the P=NP Problem an NP Problem?

What I’m going to say is going to be unpopular, but I cannot reconcile my own well-being without giving you an answer to this problem from my perspective.

My only reason for reluctantly writing this, knowing what kind of reaction I could receive is, because I abhor that some of the best minds on our planet are occupying themselves with this problem. It pains me to no end to see humanity squandering its power for a problem that, as it is currently framed, is unanswerable. It goes further than this though. There will come a time when questions such as this one will be cast upon the junk heap of humanity’s growth throughout history. It will take its rightful place along such ideas as phrenology.

Here’s why I say this:

The problem is firmly and completely embedded in Functional Reductionism. I say this, because the problem’s framing requires us to peel away the contextual embedding of the problems for which it is supposed to clarify.

This is just one of its problems. Here’s another:

Since the data for this problem (and those like it) are themselves algorithms, they are compelled to be functionally reduced versions of mind problem solving (varying types of heuristics and decision problems) which reduces the problem’s causal domain and its universe of discourse even further. How can a specification based upon functionally reduced data be again used as data for the problem’s solution in the first place?

That means that this problem has no independent existence nor causal efficacy. Everywhere I have looked at this problem, the definitions of NP-Hard and NP-Complete do not lead to proving anything useful. We cannot ‘generalise’ the mind by reducing it to some metric of complexity. Complexity is also not how the universe works as Occam’s Razor[1] shows.

I am prepared to defend my position should someone have the metal to test me on this. Another thing: I wish I could have left this alone, but we all need to wake up to this nonsense.

[1] http://bit.ly/2GHbRkW How Occam’s Razor Works

[Quora] http://bit.ly/2EuRdP3

This system is quite interesting if we allow ourselves to talk about the qualities of infinite sets as if we can know their character completely. The problem is, any discussion of an infinite set includes their definition which MAY NOT be the same as any characterisation which they may actually have.

Also, and more importantly, interiority as well as exteriority are accessible without the use of this system. These ‘Hyperreals’ are an ontological approach to epistemology via characteristics/properties we cannot really know. There can be no both true and verifiable validity claim in this system.

## “How much knowledge does the understanding in words contain?”

Words are symbolic indications and/or conveyors of meaning and are not that meaning in themselves.

Meaning is found, stored, and manipulated in our minds. This is why different languages are capable, in varying degrees of usefulness, to convey meaning which is very similar to that found via the symbols of any other.

It It is also the reason why there are words indicating meaning that are not found in other languages; or, if found in a different language, the other language requires more of its own structure, dynamics, and resonance to convey the same meaning.

For example: the words ‘déjà vu’ in French are found in German ‘schon gesehen’ and in English ‘already seen’, but these phrases do not convey the full meaning found in the French version. To counter this deficit, their meaning in other languages must be ‘constructed’ out of or ‘fortified’ by the careful use of longer strings of symbols. This additional construction and/or fortification may even fail at times. This is often where the word phrase from a different language is simply added to the language in which the concept is missing.

This same situation is found in the literature of many languages. The words used to convey meaning are condensed and may contain more meaning than is usually the case. In this regard, even the person reading/hearing the words may not possess the competence necessary to catch this condensed meaning in its fullness.

Mathematical expressions, albeit more precise, are also indications of meaning. They are more robust in their formulation, but at ever-increasing depth or scope, even they may fail to reliably or conveniently convey meaning.

Our understanding of what words mean is not always accurate, but where our mutual understanding of the meaning of words overlaps, and the degree to which they overlap, is where their meaning can be shared.

Our own personal understanding of words is measured by our ability to apply their meaning in our lives.

There is also a false meme, which I would like to clarify.

“Knowledge is Power!”

It is wrongly said that ‘Knowledge is power’. The truth is another: Knowledge is the measure of usefulness of what we understand and is the only true expression of its ‘power’.

The value of Knowledge is found in its usefulness and not in its possession.

## Which questions does Category Theory help us answer?

Another chapter in my attempt to help break the ‘spell’ of the category theoretical ‘ontologicisation’ of our world.

This may seem to many as a purely academic question, but we all need to realise that all of what we consider a modern way of thinking rests upon ‘mental technologies’ such as Category Theory.

Academics are literally taking the ‘heart’ out of how our world is being defined!
If we don’t pay attention, humanity will continue losing its way.

Category theory is a wonderful and powerful tool; nevertheless category theory, with all of its utility, is purely ontological. It can masterfully answer questions such as ‘Who?’, ‘What?’, and ‘How?’.

However; it is regretfully inadequate to form a comprehensive representation of knowledge, for it lacks expression of epistemological value, which are the very reasons for is use. Epistemology is about answering the questions of ‘Why?’, ‘What does it mean?’, ‘What is my purpose?’,…
Answers to questions of this kind are implicitly supplied by us during our consumption of the utility afforded by category theory. We often are so beguiled by this power of categorical expression that we don’t realise that is we ourselves who bring the ‘missing elements’ to what it offers as an expression of knowledge.
It does a wonderful job with exteriority (ontology), but cannot sufficiently describe nor comprehensively access interiority (epistemology). Therefore, it has limited metaphysical value with respect to philosophy in general.

Philosophies of mind, of language, or of learning are not comprehensive using only category theoretical tools.
Categorical structures are highly portable, but they can describe/express only part of what is there. There are structures, dynamics, and resonance that the ontology and functionalism in category theory completely turns a blind eye to.
More general than category theory is knowledge representation. It includes and surpasses category theory in many areas, both in scope and depth, but in particular: knowledge representation includes not just the ontological aspects of what we know, it goes further to describe the epistemological as well.
The qualities of Truth, Goodness, Beauty, Clarity,… can be defined and identified within a knowledge representation if the representation is not restricted to ontology. When category theory is used for the purpose of defining qualia, the objects must first be ontologised and functionally reduced. Trying to grasp them with tools restricted to category theory (or even semiotics) is like grasping into thin air.

Category theory, although very powerful, is no match for the challenge of a complete representation of knowledge. Category theory will tell you how to tie your shoes, but it can’t tell you why you are motivated to do so.