What do all things have in common?

Philosophy

Getting Hypertension About Hyperreals

HyperReals(Links below)

This system is quite interesting if we allow ourselves to talk about the qualities of infinite sets as if we can know their character completely. The problem is, any discussion of an infinite set includes their definition which MAY NOT be the same as any characterisation which they may actually have.

Also, and more importantly, interiority as well as exteriority are accessible without the use of this system. These ‘Hyperreals’ are an ontological approach to epistemology via characteristics/properties we cannot really know. There can be no both true and verifiable validity claim in this system.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJWe1BunlXI (Part1)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jBmJWEQTl1w (Part2)


Knowledge Representation – Holographic Heart Torus

Holographic Heart Torus

Holographic Heart Torus by Ryan Cameron on YouTube


Are sets, in an abstract sense, one of the most fundamental objects in contemporary mathematics?

Equivalence Relation

Yes and no.

The equivalence relation lies deeper within the knowledge representation and it’s foundation.

There are other knowledge prerequisites which lie even deeper within the knowledge substrate than the equivalence relation.

The concepts of a boundary, of quantity, membership, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity, and relation are some examples.

http://bit.ly/2wPV7RN


Limits of Category Theory and Semiotics

Category Theory 01

They are wonderful tools to explain much of our world, but lack ‘The Right Stuff’ to handle the metaphysical underpinnings of anything near a Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language , or a Philosophy of Learning.

This is, because Category Theory specialises on roughly half of the Noosphere. It does a wonderful job on exteriority, but cannot sufficiently describe nor comprehensively access interiority.

Interiority Exteriority

Therefore, as is the case with Semiotics, has limited metaphysical value with respect to philosophy in general.

Semiotics 2

Semiotics

For example: philosophies of mind, language, or learning are not possible using only category theoretical tools and/or semiotics.

Here is an example of one attempt which fails in this regard: http://nickrossiter.org.uk/proce…

(and here: VisualizationFoundationsIEEE)

Here are two problems (of many) in the paper:

4.4.2 Knowledge is the Terminal Object of Visualisation states:

“The ultimate purpose of the visualisation process is to gain Knowledge of the original System. When this succeeds (when the diagram commutes) then the result is a ‘truth’ relationship between the Knowledge and the System. When this process breaks down and we fail to deduce correct conclusions then the diagram does not commute.”

I want to also comment on Figure 3 (which also exposes missing or false premises in the paper), but I will wait until I have discussed the assertions in the quote above which the authors of this paper reference, accept, and wish to justify/confirm.

1) The purpose of a representation is NOT to gain knowledge; rather, to express knowledge. Also, truth has nothing to do with knowledge except when that value is imposed upon it for some purpose. Truth value is a value that knowledge may or not ‘attend’ (participate in).

1a) The ‘truth value’ of the System (‘system’ is a false paradigm [later, perhaps] and a term that I also vehemently disagree with) does not always enter into the ‘dialogue’ between any knowledge that is represented and the observer interpreting that knowledge.

2) The interpretation of a representation is not to “deduce correct conclusions”; rather, to understand the meaning (semantics and epistemology) of what is represented. ‘Correct’ understanding is not exclusive to understanding nor is it necessary or sufficient for understanding a representation, because that understanding finds expression in the observer.

2a) ‘Correct’, as used in this paragraph, is coming from the outside (via the choice of which data [see Fig. 3] is represented to the observer) and may have no correspondence (hence may never ever commute) whatever to what that term means for the observer.

The authors are only talking about ontologies. That is a contrived and provincial look at the subject they are supposing to examine.

There may (and usually are) artefacts inherent in any collection and collation of data. The observer is forced to make ‘right’ (‘correct’) conclusions from that data which those who collected it have ‘seeded’ (tainted) with their own volition.

‘System’ (systematising) anything is Reductionism. This disqualifies the procedure at its outset.

They are proving essentially that manipulation leads to a ‘correct’ (their chosen version) representation of a ‘truth’ value.

I could tie my shoelaces into some kind of knot and think it were a ‘correct’ way to do so if the arrows indicate this. This is why paying too much attention to a navigation system can have one finding themselves at the bottom of a river!

The paper contains assumptions that are overlooked and terms that are never adequately defined! How can you name variables without defining their meaning? They then serve no purpose and must be removed from domain of discourse.

Categorical structures are highly portable, but they can describe/express only part of what is there. There are structure, dynamics, and resonance that ontology and functionalism completely turns a blind eye to.

The qualities of Truth, Goodness, Beauty, Clarity,… (even Falsehood, Badness, Ugliness, Obscurity,…) can be defined and identified within a knowledge representation if the representation is not restricted to ontology alone.

In order to express these qualities in semiotics and category theory, they must first be ontologised funtionally (reduced). Trying to grasp them with tools restricted to semiotics and category theory is like grasping into thin air.

That is actually the point I’m trying to make. Category Theory, and even Semiotics, each have their utility, but they are no match for the challenge of a complete representation of knowledge.


Universal Constants, Variations, and Identities #19 (Inverse Awareness)

Inverse Square
Universal Constants, Variations, and Identities
#19 The Inverse Awareness Relation

The Inverse Awareness Relation establishes a fundamental relationship in our universe:

Micro Awareness = \dfrac{1}{scope}

and

Macro Awareness = \dfrac{1}{depth}
or

\dfrac {Micro Awareness}{Macro Awareness} = \dfrac{depth}{scope}

Which essentially state:

The closer awareness is in some way to an entity, the more depth and the less scope it discerns.

The farther awareness is in some way to an entity, the more scope and the less depth it discerns.

(Be careful, this idea of closeness is not the same as distance.)


Is Real World Knowledge More Valuable Than Fictional Knowledge?

hermandadblanca_universo-mente-fractal-geometria-sagrada

No.

Here an excerpt from a short summary of a paper I am writing that provides some context to answer this question:

What Knowledge is not:

Knowledge is not very well understood so I’ll briefly point out some of the reasons why we’ve been unable to precisely define what knowledge is thus far. Humanity has made numerous attempts at defining knowledge. Plato taught that justified truth and belief are required for something to be considered knowledge.

Throughout the history of the theory of knowledge (epistemology), others have done their best to add to Plato’s work or create new or more comprehensive definitions in their attempts to ‘contain’ the meaning of meaning (knowledge). All of these efforts have failed for one reason or another.

Using truth value and ‘justification’ as a basis for knowledge or introducing broader definitions or finer classifications can only fail.

I will now provide a small set of examples of why this is so.

Truth value is only a value that knowledge may attend.

Knowledge can be true or false, justified or unjustified, because

knowledge is the meaning of meaning

What about false or fictitious knowledge? [Here’s the reason why I say no.]

Their perfectly valid structure and dynamics are ignored by classifying them as something else than what they are. Differences in culture or language even make no difference, because the objects being referred to have meaning that transcends language barriers.

Another problem is that knowledge is often thought to be primarily semantics or even ontology based. Both of these cannot be true for many reasons. In the first case (semantics):

There already exists knowledge structure and dynamics for objects we cannot or will not yet know.

The same is true for objects to which meaning has not yet been assigned, such as ideas, connections and perspectives that we’re not yet aware of or have forgotten. Their meaning is never clear until we’ve become aware of or remember them.

In the second case (ontology): collations that are fed ontological framing are necessarily bound to memory, initial conditions of some kind and/or association in terms of space, time, order, context, relation,… We build whole catalogues, dictionaries and theories about them: Triads, diads, quints, ontology charts, neural networks, semiotics and even the current research in linguistics are examples.

Even if an ontology or set of them attempts to represent intrinsic meaning, it can only do so in a descriptive ‘extrinsic’ way. An ontology, no matter how sophisticated, is incapable of generating the purpose of even its own inception, not to mention the purpose of the objects to which it corresponds.

The knowledge is not coming from the data itself, it is always coming from the observer of the data, even if that observer is an algorithm.

Therefore ontology-based semantic analysis can only produce the artefacts of knowledge, such as search results, association to other objects, ‘knowledge graphs’ like Cayley,…

Real knowledge precedes, transcends and includes our conceptions, cognitive processes, perception, communication, reasoning and is more than simply related to our capacity of acknowledgement.

In fact knowledge cannot even be completely systematised; it can only be interacted with using ever increasing precision.

[For those interested, my summary is found at: A Precise Definition of Knowledge – Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define the Meaning of Meaning Precisely: http://bit.ly/2pA8Y8Y


Does Knowledge Become More Accurate Over Time?

Change lies deeper in the knowledge substrate than time.

Knowledge is not necessarily coupled with time, but it can be influenced by it. It can be influenced by change of any kind: not only time.

Knowledge may exist in a moment and vanish. The incipient perspective(s) it contains may change. Or the perspective(s) that it comprises may resist change.

Also, knowledge changes with reality and vice versa.

Time requires events to influence this relationship between knowledge and reality.

Knowledge cannot be relied upon to be a more accurate expression of reality, whether time is involved or not, because the relationship between knowledge and reality is not necessarily dependent upon time, nor is there necessarily a coupling of the relationship between knowledge and reality. The relationships of ‘more’ and ‘accurate’ are also not necessarily coupled with time.

Example: Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth long before Copernicus published. The ‘common knowledge’ of the time (Copernicus knew about Eratosthenes, but the culture did not) was that the Earth was flat.


Is Mathematics Or Philosophy More Fundamental?

fly-by

Is Mathematics Or Philosophy More Fundamental?

Answer: Philosophy is more fundamental than mathematics.

This is changing, but mathematics is incapable at this time of comprehensively describing epistemology, whereas, philosophy can.

Hence; mathematics is restrained to pure ontology. It does not reach far enough into the universe to distinguish anything other than ontologies. This will change soon. I am working on exactly this problem. See http://mathematica-universalis.com for more information on my work. (I’m not selling anything on this site.)

Also, mathematics cannot be done without expressing some kind of philosophy to underlie any axioms which it needs to function.

PROOF:

Implication is a ‘given’ in mathematics. It assumes a relation which we call implication. Mathematics certainly ‘consumes’ them as a means to create inferences, but the inference form, the antecedent, and the consequent are implicit axioms based upon an underlying metaphysics.

Ergo: philosophy is more general and universal than mathematics.

Often epistemology is considered separate from metaphysics, but that is incorrect, because you cannot answer questions as to ‘How do we know?” without an underlying metaphysical framework within which such a question and answer can be considered.


Universal Constants, Variations, and Identities #18 (Dimension)

Universal Constants, Variations, and Identities (Dimension)
#18 Dimension is a spectrum or domain of awareness: they essentially build an additional point of view or perspective.

We live in a universe of potentially infinite dimension. Also, there are more spatial dimensions than three and more temporal dimensions than time (the only one science seems to recognize). Yes, I’m aware of what temporal means; Temporal is a derived attribute of a much more fundamental concept: Change. One important caveat: please bear in mind that my little essay here is not a complete one. The complete version will come when I publish my work.

The idea of dimension is not at all well understood. The fact is, science doesn’t really know what dimension is; rather, only how they may be used! Science and technology ‘consume’ their utility without understanding their richness. Otherwise they would have clarified them for us by now.

Those who may have clarified what they are get ignored and/or ridiculed, because understanding them requires a larger mental ‘vocabulary’ than Physicalism, Reductionism, and Ontology can provide.

Our present science and technology is so entrenched in dogma, collectivism, and special interest, that they no longer function as they once did. The globalist parasites running our science and technology try their best to keep us ‘on the farm’ by restricting dimension, like everything else, to the purely physical. It’s all they can imagine.

That’s why many of us feel an irritation without being able to place our finger on it when we get introduced to dimension. We seem to ‘know’ that something just doesn’t ‘rhyme’ with their version.

Time and space may be assigned dimensionality, in a purely physical sense if necessary, but there are always underlying entities much deeper in meaning involved that are overlooked and/or remain unknown which provide those properties with their meaning. This is why the more sensitive among us sense something is wrong or that something’s missing.

Let us temporarily divorce ourselves from the standard ‘spatial’ and ‘temporal’ kinds of ‚dimension’ for a time and observe dimension in its essence.

Definitions are made from them: in fact, dimensions function for definitions just as organs do for the body. In turn, dimension has its own set of ‘organs’ as well! I will talk about those ‘organs’ below.

Dimension may appear different to us depending upon our own state of mind, level of development, kind of reasoning we choose, orientation we prefer, expectations we may have,… but down deep…

Everything, even attributes of all kinds, involve dimension. We must also not forget partial dimension such as fractals over complex domains and other metaphysical entities like mind and awareness which may or may not occupy dimension. Qualia (water is ‘wet’, angry feels like ‘this’, the burden is ‘heavy’) are also dimensional.

Dimensions are ‘compasses’ for navigating conceptual landscapes. We already think in multiple dimension without even being aware of it! Here’s is an example of how that is:
[BTW: This is simply an example to show how dimension can be ‘stacked’ or accrued. The items below were chosen arbitrarily and could be replaced by any other aspects.]

♦ Imagine a point in space (we are already at 3d [x,y,z]) – actually at this level there are even more dimensions involved, but I will keep this simple for now.
♦ it moves in space and occupies a specific place in time (now 4d) 3d + 1 time dimension
♦ say it changes colour at any particular time or place (5d)
♦ let it now grow and shrink in diameter (6d)
♦ if it accelerates or slows its movement (7d)
♦ if it is rotating (8d)
♦ if it is broadcasting a frequency (9d)
♦ what if it is aware of other objects or not (10d)
♦ say it is actively seeking contact (connection) with other objects around it (11d)
♦ … (the list may go on and on)

As you can see above, dimensions function like aspects to any object of thought.

Dimensionality becomes much clearer when we free ourselves from the yoke of all that Physicalism, Reductionism, and Ontology.

Let’s now look at some of their ‘organs’ as mentioned above as well as other properties they have in common:

  • They precede all entities except awareness.
  • Awareness congeals into them.
  • They form a first distinction.
  • They have extent.
  • They are integrally distributed.
  • They have an axial component.
  • They spin.
  • They vibrate.
  • They oscillate.
  • They resonate.
  • They may appear as scalar fields.
  • Their references form fibrations.
  • They are ‘aware’ of self/other.
  • Their structural/dynamic/harmonic signature is unique.
  • They provide reference which awareness uses to create perspective meaning.
  • Holons are built from them.

http://mathesis-universalis.com

Sacred Geometry 29 by Endre @ RedBubble:
http://www.redbubble.com/people/endre/works/6920405-sacred-geometry-29?p=poster


HUD Fly-by Test

vlcsnap-2016-08-21-22h18m14s161

Link to video.

Don’t take this as an actual knowledge representation; rather, simply a simulation of one. I’m working out the colour, transparent/translucent, camera movements, and other technical issues.
In any case you may find it interesting.
The real representations are coming soon.


A New Kind of Knowledge Representation Is Coming to Be!

VideoImage

Link to video

The project is now coming to conclusion (finally). In this video I show an example knowledge molecule being ‘examined’ by the knowledge representation.

I’ve hidden the other actors in this demonstration and have simplified the instrumentation to preserve my priority on my work.

Be patient! It won’t be long now… I have the theoretical underpinnings already behind me. Now it’s only about the representation of that work.


Men And Their Semantics – Turning Meaning into Legos

language

Semantically speaking: Does meaning structure unite languages?

This work is a dead end waiting to happen. Of course it will attract much interest, money, and perhaps even yield new insights into the commonality of language, but there’s better ways to get there.

What’s even more sad is that they, who should know better, will see my intentions in making this clear as destructive criticism instead of a siren warning regarding research governed/originating through a false paradigm. These people cannot see or overlook the costs humanity pays for the misunderstandings research like this causes and is based upon.

It’s even worse in the field of genetic engineering with their chimera research. The people wasting public money funding this research need to be gotten under control again.

I don’t want to criticize the researcher’s intentions. It’s their framing and methodology that I see as primitive, naive, and incomplete.

I’m not judging who they are nor their ends; rather, their means of getting there.

“Quantification” is exactly the wrong way to ‘measure/compare semantics; not to mention “partitioning” them!

1) The value in this investigation that they propose is to extrapolate and interpolate ontology. Semantics are more than ontology. They possess a complete metaphysics which includes their epistemology.

2) You cannot quantify qualities, because you reduce the investigation to measurement; which itself imposes meaning upon the meaning you wish to measure. Semantics, in their true form, are relations and are non-physical and non-reducible.

3) Notice also, partitioning is imposed upon the semantics (to make them ‘measurable/comparable’). If you compare semantics in such a way then you only get answers in terms of your investigation/ontology.

4) The better way is to leave the semantics as they are! Don’t classify them! Learn how they are related. Then you will know how they are compared.

There’s more to say, but I think you get the idea… ask me if you want clarification…


Deep Insight Of Virtue

virtue
“Virtue is Beauty of the soul, as Beauty is the Virtue of forms.” Frithjof Schuon

From the online Library at: http://www.frithjofschuon.info “Standing Unshakably in the True”
World Wisdom Web Site


Universal Constants, Variations and Identities – #14 (Singular/Plural)

Constants and Variances 1 Constants and Variances 2

Universal Constants, Variations and Identities
#14 Singular and plural arise together. (Singular/Plural)

There is no singular without a plural representation except in the non-dual.

See http://mathesis-universalis.com for more information.

#Knowledge #Wisdom #Understanding #Learning #Insight #Constants #Variances #Philosophy #MathesisUniversalis #ScientiaUniversalis #PhilosophicaUniversalis #LogicaUniversalis #MetaMathematics #MetaLogic #MetaScience #MetaPhysics #MetaPhilosophy #Singular #Plural


Universal Constants, Variations and Identities #13 (Knowledge)

Knowlege Is What Awareness Does

Universal Constants, Variations and Identities
#13 Knowledge is what awareness does. (Knowledge)

I’ve published this before elsewhere, but it must be restated now for what is to follow (I’m starting a new octave).

#Knowledge #Wisdom #Understanding #Learning #Insight #Constants #Variances #Metaphysics #Philosophy #MathesisUniversalis #ScientiaUniversalis #PhilosophiaUniversalis #LogicaUniversalis #MetaMathematics #MetaLogic #MetaScience #MetaPhysics #MetaPhilosophy #Awareness


Science As a New Tower of ‘Babble’

1024px-Complex_systems_organizational_map1280px-Complexity_Map.svg

Complexity – a patchwork quilt of misunderstanding and confusion tied together ‘by hook or by crook’.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/By_hook_or_by_crook

Complex systems are the result of our collective blindness to the simple interconnectedness of our universe.

Why is the emerging view of our universe – no longer a Cosmological and Cosmogonic garden of the good, true and beautiful – now turning into this phantasm of complexity?

Where did we go wrong?
Was it the creation and maintaining of the expectation that we could comprehend and grasp the whole of our Cosmos within one perspective?

Were the applications of the science we created so profit bearing that we began to take more than our fare share?

Was it the tempo at which our scientists – not even slowed down by the ethical and moral considerations which constitute our navigation systems down the roads of evolution – that have brought us to this place much too soon and with so much needless suffering (for animals and humans)?

Are we to continue abandoning our organic (and real) ascendancy for artificial (and synthetic) correlates?

The ends are NOT justified by their means! They are determined by them.

Image1:
Hiroki Sayama, D.Sc. – Created by Hiroki Sayama, D.Sc., Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems (CoCo) Research Group at Binghamton University, State University of New York

Image2:
By Brian Castellani (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons


Universal Constants and Variances

Constants and Variances 1 Constants and Variances 2

#6 Reality is composed of whole parts. (Holons)
Arthur Koesler coined the term ‘Holon’ that refers to entities as both wholes and parts of some other whole.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holon_%28philosophy%29

For example: a whole atom is part of a whole molecule, which is part of a whole cell, which is part of a whole organism,… Each of these entities are neither a whole or a part; rather, a whole part or Holon.

There’s a 2000 year old philosophical squabble between atomists and holists: “Which is ultimately real – the whole or the part?” The answer is neither or both, if you prefer…

There are only ‘whole-parts’: Holons.

[More are coming soon in a new post…]

 


Universal Constants and Variances

Constants and Variances 1 Constants and Variances 2 Constants and Variances 3 - muKnow Constants and Variances 5 - We are the ones we have been waiting for! Constants and Variances 4 Constants and Variances 7 - Example

Universal Constants and Variances
#1 Awareness is primary and fundamental. (Substrate)
#2 All awareness is non-dual unless it is dual. (Duality)
#3 There is no inside without an outside nor outside without an inside. (Interiority/Exteriority)
#4 Duality is bounded, non-duality is boundless. (Boundary)
#5 Boundaries arise in a spectrum from diffuse to concise. (Crossing)

[More are coming soon in a new post…]

A few of those who have followed my posts have been asking for more information about my work. Towards that end, I’m going to start publishing my growing list of universal constants and variances. It is these constants and variances that form the foundation of my work.

There are about as many of them as there are stars in our universe (if you count the primary and derived together), so I don’t think I’ll run out of them! Most of them are self-explanatory, but if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask in the appropriate thread. The numerical ordering is not yet important, as I’m still collecting and collating them as I discover them.

I have no tolerance for trolling or people who abuse others in my threads; especially on these threads about the constants and variances! So if you plan to wreak havoc here, you’ll get bumped real fast. I don’t mind criticism or skeptical opinions at all, but please be civil with everyone (including me).

See http://mathesis-universalis.com for more information.


Good News! It’s Not Just Particles! It’s Properties and Patterns of Particles! – Max Tegmark

Max Tegmark - Cosmic Explorer“Consciousness is a mathematical pattern.”

Is it possible to explain the phenomenon of purpose away with another phenomenon of emergence?
I wonder how he defines purpose itself?
Isn’t consciousness more than our senses?
Why are we only looking at states of matter and leave out stages, lines, levels, types,…?
Who is doing the “feeling” he’s describing?
Who gives the particles their work to do?
How are the particles different between dead and living beings?
So we are to replace our questions with a certainty of the phenomenon of consciousness and then explain that in terms of an interpretation of same?

I’m not a religious person, but the video is starting to sound like I should be one!
Is this what we get when a physicist tries to do philosophy? Oh my!


I Really Want To Agree… But I Just Can’t! – Max Tegmark – Cahners Theater

I Really Want To Agree… But I Just Can’t!
I did it again (for a friend) and tolerated another hour of this man’s presentation (see my post following this one where I cover the one I watched on August 31st).
I do NOT report this in a spirit of cruelty or meanness, rather to help others recognize when concepts and causality are being confused. I’m just as shocked as anyone else that this is possible.

Beyond the Higg’s Boson, which is not a convincing ‘discovery’, is his claim that the universe is mathematical at (31:00). “In the sense that it [universe] is a mathematical structure.”

Mathematics is simply a precise language!

Here’s one avenue, but I can give others, that may help understand why mathematics cannot be the universe, rather a means to represent it.

Patterns and shapes can be described mathematically just as they are now being described with my words. When he widens his definition to include them (shapes and patterns, structure,…) they represent literally everything and become part of his definition!

He also assigns humanity as a whole as the designer for technology that our amok running corporations have made (and have led the rest of us who ‘enjoy’ employment with them to build for them). The Cuban Missile Crisis isn’t a problem created by humanity as a whole, rather was created by corporations who work for banksters to further their ends.

Causality is all wrong throughout his presentation. Believe me, I wanted to be enthralled by his wisdom, but I’m left disappointed for many reasons… many for which I’ve made no mention.


David Chalmers – Consciousness is Fundamental, Consciousness is Universal

TedAnimation

Consciousness Is Fundamental (@09:27)
Consciousness Is Universal (@11:35)

Modern philosophy that likely is true!
I was expecting that ill feeling I get listening to modern philosophers and it started out that way, but suddenly!!! It changed!

He’s talking about my work!
(https://independent.academia.edu/CareyButler/Papers)
Now, if he can free himself from the brain-based paradigms of consciousness…


Knowledge Is What Awareness Does – Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Meaning Precisely

Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Knowledge Precisely

Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define Knowledge Precisely

Video is finally here!


Self-referential Paradoxum In Knowledge Representation

ilusion-optica-16-I'm so confused Talking twist of logic

What do these two pictures share in common?

They represent structure and dynamics (continuity, connectedness, and boundary [of which topology is only ONE example!]) distributed over multiple and partial dimension. That’s why they interest me and are of use. I use them to represent knowledge, because they are found in our knowledge!
 
They always have a concealed twist (internal dynamics). You need to leave our 3D rational domain to capture their meaning though. I’ve studied these shapes for a long time now and use them in my work. Break the figures or logic apart and notice how you can tuck the parts into a cloud shape (ambiguity) and make the systems work.


A Precise Definition of Knowledge – Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define the Meaning of Meaning Precisely

IntroVideo

A Precise Definition of Knowledge
Knowledge Representation as a Means to Define the Meaning of Meaning Precisely
Copyright © Carey G. Butler
August 24, 2014

What is this video about?
In this introductory video I would like to explain what knowledge representation is, how to build and apply them. There are basically three phases involved in the process of building a knowledge representation. Acquisition of data (which includes staging), collation and the representation itself. The collation and the representation phases of the process are mentioned here, but I will explain them further in future videos.

You are now watching a simulation of the acquisition phase as it collects and stores preliminary structure from the data it encounters in terms of the vocabulary contained within that data. Acquisition is a necessary prerequisite for the collation phase following it, because the information it creates from the data are used by the collation algorithms which then transform that information into knowledge.

The statistics you are seeing tabulated are only a small subset of those collected in a typical acquisition phase. Each of these counters are being updated in correspondence to the recognition coming from underlying parsers running in the background. Depending upon the computer resources involved in the
acquisition, these parsers may even even run concurrently as is shown in this simulation.

The objects you see moving around in the video are of two different kinds: knowledge fields or knowledge molecules. Those nearest to you are the field representations of the actual data being collected called knowledge fields. They could represent an individual symbol, punctuation, morpheme, lexeme, word, emotion, perspective, or some other unit of information in the data. Each of them contain their own signature – even if their value, state or other intrinsic properties are unknown or indeterminate during the acquisition.

Those farther away from the view are clusters of fields which have already coalesced into groups according to shared dynamically adaptive factors such as similarity, relation, ordinality, cardinality,…
These ‘molecules’ also contain their own set of signatures and may be composed of a mixture of fields, meta-fields and hyper-fields that are unique to all others.The collation phase has the job of assigning these molecules to their preliminary holarchical domains which are then made visible in the resulting knowledge representation. Uniqueness is preserved even if they contain common elements with others in the domain they occupy. Clusters of knowledge molecules and/or fields grouped together are known as ‘knowledge domains’, ‘structural domains’,’dynamical domains’ or ‘resonance domains’, depending upon which of their aspects is being emphasized.

We now need a short introduction to what knowledge representation is in order to explain why you’re seeing these objects here.

What is Knowledge Representation?
Knowledge representation provides all of the ways and means necessary to reliably and consistently conceptualize our world. It helps us navigate landscapes of meaning without losing our way; however, navigational bearing isn’t the only advantage. Knowledge representation aids our recognition of what changes when we change our world or something about ourselves. It does so, because even our own perspective is included in the representation. It can even reveal to us when elements are missing or hidden from our view!

It’s important to remember that knowledge representation is not an end, rather a means or process that makes explicit to us everything we already do with what we come to be aware of. A knowledge representation must be capable of representing knowledge such that it, like a book or other artifact, brings awareness of that knowledge to us. When we do it right, it actually perpetuates our understanding by providing a means for us to recognize, interpret (understand) and utilize the how and what we know as it relates to itself and to us. In fact – knowledge representation even makes it possible to define knowledge precisely!

What Knowledge is not!
Knowledge is not very well understood so I’ll briefly point out some of the reasons why we’ve been unable to precisely define what knowledge is thus far. Humanity has made numerous attempts at defining knowledge. Plato taught that justified truth and belief are required for something to be considered knowledge. Throughout the history of the theory of knowledge (epistemology), others have done their best to add to Plato’s work or create new or more comprehensive definitions in their attempts to ‘contain’ the meaning of meaning (knowledge). All of these efforts have failed for one reason or another. Using truth value and justification as a basis for knowledge or introducing broader definitions or finer classifications can only fail. I will now provide a small set of examples of why this is so.

Truth value is only a value that knowledge may attend. Knowledge can be true or false, justified or unjustified, because knowledge is the meaning of meaning. What about false or fictitious knowledge? Their perfectly valid structure and dynamics are ignored by classifying them as something else than what they are. Differences in culture or language make even make no difference, because the objects being referred to have meaning that transcends language barriers.

Another problem is that knowledge is often thought to be primarily semantics or even ontology based! Both of these cannot be true for many reasons. In the first case (semantics): There already exists knowledge structure and dynamics for objects we cannot or will not yet know. The same is true for objects to which meaning has not yet been assigned,such as ideas, connections and perspectives that we’re not yet aware of or have forgotten. Their meaning is never clear until we’ve become aware of or remember them.

In the second case (ontology): collations that are fed ontological framing are necessarily bound to memory, initial conditions of some kind and/or association in terms of space, time, order, context, relation,… We build whole catalogs, dictionaries and theories about them! Triads, diads, quints, ontology charts, neural networks, semiotics and even the current research in linguistics are examples. Even if an ontology or set of them attempts to represent intrinsic meaning, it can only do so in a descriptive (extrinsic) way.

An ontology, no matter how sophisticated, is incapable of generating the purpose of even its own inception, not to mention the purpose of objects to which it corresponds! The knowledge is not coming from the data itself, it’s always coming from the observer of the data – even if that observer is an algorithm!

Therefore ontology-based semantic analysis can only produce the artifacts of knowledge, such as search results, association to other objects, ‘knowledge graphs’ like Cayley,.. Real knowledge precedes, transcends and includes our conceptions, cognitive processes, perception, communication, reasoning and is more than simply related to our capacity of acknowledgment. In fact knowledge cannot even be completely systematized, it can only be interacted with using ever increasing precision!

  • What is knowledge then?
    Knowledge is what awareness does.
    • Awareness of some kind and at some level is the only prerequisite for knowledge and is the substrate upon which knowledge is generated.
    • Awareness coalesces, interacts with and perpetuates itself in all of its form and function.
    • Awareness which resonates (shares dynamics) at, near, or in some kind of harmony (even disharmony) with another tends to associate (disassociate) with that other in some way.
    • These requisites of awareness hold true even for objects that are infinite or indeterminate.
    • This is why knowledge, the meaning of meaning, can be precisely defined and even provides its own means for doing so.
    Knowledge is, pure and simply: the resonance, structure and dynamics of awareness as it creates and discovers for and of itself.
    • Awareness precedes meaning and provides the only fundamentally necessary and sufficient basis for meaning of meaning expressing itself as knowledge.
    Knowledge is the dialog between participants in awarenesseven if that dialog appears to be only one-way, incoherent or incomplete.
    • Even language, mathematics, philosophy, symbolism, analogy, metaphor and sign systems can all be resolved to this common denominator found at the foundation of each and every one of them.

More information about the objects seen:
The objects on the surface of the pyramid correspond to basic structures denoting some of the basic paradigms that are being used to mine data into information and then collate that information into knowledge. You may notice that their basic structures do not change, only their content does. These paradigms are comprised of contra-positional fields that harmonize with each other so closely that they build complete harmonic structures. Their function is similar to what proteins and enzymes do in our cells.

#‎Knowledge‬ ‪#‎Wisdom‬ ‪#‎Understanding‬ ‪#‎Learning‬ ‪#‎Insight‬ ‪#‎Semantics‬ ‪#‎Ontology‬ ‪#‎Epistemology‬ ‪#‎Philosophy‬ ‪#‎PhilosophyOfLanguage‬ ‪#‎PhilosophyOfMind‬ ‪#‎Cognition‬ ‪#‎OrganicIntelligence‬ ‪#‎ArtificialIntelligence‬ ‪#‎OI‬ ‪#‎AI‬
‪#‎Awareness‬